How to create a mutual fund portfolio for wealth creation with a 20k investment?

Building wealth through mutual funds is an increasingly popular investment strategy among many investors, offering access to a diverse selection of funds that may help increase your money over time. If you have Rs. 20,000 set aside to invest, creating an appropriate mutual fund portfolio tailored specifically to your financial goals and risk tolerance should not be too difficult of an undertaking. Read on to find out more.

Step 1: Establish your goals and time horizon

Before building your mutual fund portfolio, it’s essential to determine your investment goals and time horizon. Are you saving for specific goals, like buying a house, funding your child’s education costs or retirement planning? Your goal will have a direct bearing on which funds to choose and the level of risk that’s acceptable to you.

Your investment time horizon, or how long you plan on staying invested, is another critical element. In general, the longer the duration, the greater your risk tolerance can be since you’ll have more time to recover from market downturns. Short-term goals often necessitate taking a conservative approach while long-term ones allow more risk-taking.

Step 2: Assess your risk tolerance

Every investor has their own individual risk tolerance – which refers to the degree of risk they’re comfortable taking on in pursuit of returns. When constructing a mutual fund portfolio, it is key that the funds chosen reflect this tolerance. Conservative investors may opt for those with lower volatility while aggressive investors might prefer riskier funds that promise greater returns

Step 3: Diversify

Diversification is one of the primary tenants of investing, as it helps spread risk across different asset classes and investment styles. For an investor with Rs. 20,000 invested, creating a diversified mutual fund portfolio might include choosing funds across three main categories. These categories could be:

Equity funds: Equity funds invest primarily in stocks and offer the potential for high long-term returns, though at greater risk than their non-stock counterparts. You should allocate some portion of your portfolio towards these equity funds depending on your risk tolerance and time horizon.

Debt funds: Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities such as government and corporate bonds to provide steady and regular income with lower risk than equity funds. By adding debt funds to your portfolio, you can reduce the risk associated with equity investments.

Hybrid funds: Hybrid funds invest in both equity and debt instruments to strike a balance between risk and reward. Balanced advantage funds or dynamic asset allocation funds are examples of hybrid funds which adjust their asset allocation depending on market conditions.

International funds: These investments focus on global stocks, giving your portfolio access to global markets while mitigating any of the risks inherent to investing solely in India.

Step 4: Research and select mutual funds

Carefully research and select quality mutual funds within each category by looking at factors like performance, fund manager experience and expense ratio. Look for funds which have consistently outshone benchmarks and category peers over time.

Once you’ve made your selections, invest via a trusted online platform or financial advisor. Consider Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) to take advantage of rupee cost averaging and instil discipline into your investment journey.


Building a mutual fund portfolio to achieve wealth creation with Rs. 20,000 investment requires setting goals, assessing risk tolerance, diversifying your portfolio, allocating your investment accordingly and selecting quality funds. By following these steps, you can craft an appropriate investment portfolio which helps meet both financial objectives and wealth creation goals.